Blood pressure denotes how much pressure blood is forced on your arterial walls.

How Blood Pressure Changes:

The pressure exerted in your arteries (blood pressure) is affected by functions of your nervous system, hormones, enzymes, kidneys and heart. Based on what you are doing, drinking, thinking or eating, your blood pressure will always be in flux and can make it low, normal or high.

High blood pressure happens when your BP is constantly high. You measure your BP with two measurements: The systolic and the diastolic blood pressure.

Blood Pressure Levels

Blood pressure is composed of a systolic (the top reading) and diastolic (bottom reading) number. Blood pressure readings are classified as:

  • Normal if the reading is lower than 120 (systolic) over 80 (diastolic) or 120/80
  • Prehypertension level if the reading is 120/80 up to 139/89
  • Stage 1 high blood pressure if readings are from 140/90 to 159/99
  • Stage 2 high blood pressure when readings are 160 and above (systolic) and 100 and above (diastolic)

If your blood pressure is above normal you need to see your physician to formulate treatment steps to lower it.

Blood pressure is likely to be experienced by a person as he or she ages. The best way to prevent this condition is to lead a healthy lifestyle and follow a diet low in sodium content.

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